Tag Archives: Ecotherapy

Green Space in Cities Lowers Type 2 Diabetes Risk

sun and trees

Adults who live more than 0.8 km (or about a half a mile) from urban green space appear to be less likely to develop type 2 diabetes, according to research in the 2018 BMJ Open (https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5781018/). The researchers were actually interested in whether proximity to green space in inner city areas had an impact on BMI (body mass index) or type 2 diabetes risk, or both. The research was done in Germany, so perhaps it is only relevant to Germans. Nonetheless, they found that while green space location doesn’t appear to have a relationship with BMI, they did find that adults who are closer to green space are less likely to have type 2 diabetes. Type 2 diabetes is correlated with excess weight — and other factors such as sedentary lifestyles. This research (and other similar research) suggests that if green space is close enough, people will go to it and enjoy it. A 2011 study in the Journal of Physical Activity and Health seems to confirm that people who are closer to green space are also more likely to be physically active and closer to normal weight. I personally think that there may be other factors involved. We know that green space reduces stress and depression — and it is also possible that these feed into people’s diabetes risk as well.

This is important news for families as well as city planners – it’s a good idea to get out into green space together if you can. And if you have a chance to advocate for more green spaces in your neighborhood, do so.

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If “Green Space” Were a Pill …

Cypress Knees Chippokes SP

When my father came to visit, we spent only a small portion of time at home, mostly to cook or play Monopoly. Otherwise, he and I and my boys were out in the natural world, visiting state parks and throwing treats to the sea birds that follow the ferries near us. The good news is that we do not always have to travel to a state park to get to our “green space” – in fact a short 5 minute walk takes us to a very nice trail that curves through forests and around ponds and grassy meadows.

It turns out, especially for children, that having to walk more than 20 minutes to a green space is correlated with poor health and wellbeing. I found this out when I was reading a fascinating article that reviewed research examining children’s wellbeing and green space. The review, published in the Journal of Pediatric Nursing (http://www.pediatricnursing.org/article/S0882-5963(17)30185-9/fulltext), ultimately included information from over 75,000 children in multiple studies.

The overall benefits of spending time in green space, for children, were such a long promising list, I started thinking about pharmaceuticals. Imagine, if you will, a parent who is told, “This pill, taken at least once daily, could improve your child’s memory, focus, attention, friendships, and self-esteem while reducing stress, attention deficit, hyperactivity, and problem behaviors. Oh, and you can actually take this pill as often as needed, with few side effects. If you have to take a break from this pill, there will be no harmful withdrawal symptoms!”

Well, that’s green space for you. Take your daily green space prescription daily, and it’s good for you and your children. The problem for a lot of parents and caregivers is simply a matter of access. How do you get to safe green space? If it’s greater than 20 minutes by foot, people won’t go. Time is another issue. In working families, evenings are packed with dinner, homework, and sometimes other activities – leaving very little time for that all important green time. And, let’s face it, children are not always cooperative and interested in going for a walk in the woods or by a lake! But — they are not much more cooperative with taking pills for any of the problems outside play time in a green area can address. So, parents, would you rather have your child fuss at you for trying to get them out into nature, or fuss at you and refuse to take their meds? By the way, as always, I am not saying that medication isn’t sometimes necessary. Children who have to take medication for behavioral health issues also can benefit from green space! And there’s no nasty medication interaction to worry about ….

The author of this review article makes a crucial plea for thinking about including more green space in developed areas, such as neighborhoods, schools, and even hospital gardens. Ya’ll, we humans respond so well to nature that simply looking out a window at a natural setting, or looking at a photograph of nature on the wall, can reduce our stress. Let’s not be stingy with what the planet gives us.